Paul Gauguin sans pants. Picture was taken by a Czech Art Nouveau artist Alphonse Mucha when he shared a studio with Gauguin in Paris in 1895. This photo illustrates the idea that drastic violations of expectations tend to produce more vivid experiences of absence than more subtle incongruences. What makes violation of expectation drastic? Context often plays a role. If you are at the beach, you won’t be experiencing ubiquitous absence of pants on people. You would just be seeing bare legs. And if your family members like to walk around inside the house not fully dressed, it’s unlikely that you’ll notice absence of pants on them since you are used to them looking this way. In this photo, Gauguin’s solemn expression, his place at the musical instrument, and a suit jacket make lack of pants conspicuous. All this ensures that our expectations are violated. It also shows that violations of expectations, and hence, absences can be comical.

Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939). Paul Gauguin. Playing the Harmonium in Mucha’s Studio, c.1895.


  • March 17th, 2011
  • Posted in Absence

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